Posted on October 7, 2016 Categories: IssuesComments are off for this post
Mongolia’s Soviet Union influenced Socialist period lead to loss of community and with that the loss of elders’ traditional herding knowledge and evolved traditions for a portion of the herder population.
In 1990 the Soviet Union collapse, grasslands were opened up to all citizens, some of whom had not been taught or benefitted from traditional sustainable grazing and livestock management practices.
Loss of collective knowledgeto some herders led to improper use of the pasture-lands – no rest or rotation, leading to reduced grassland growth, recovery, and nutritional value.
Without the traditional migratory knowledge,some herdersnow move less often and within a smaller geographic area, leading to herder conflict and over-grazing of already stressed pasture. Good pasture-land becomes more rare.