- Mongolia’s Soviet Union influenced Socialist period lead to loss of community and with that the loss of elders’ traditional herding knowledge and evolved traditions for a portion of the herder population.
- In 1990 the Soviet Union collapse, grasslands were opened up to all citizens, some of whom had not been taught or benefitted from traditional sustainable grazing and livestock management practices.
- Loss of collective knowledge to some herders led to improper use of the pasture-lands – no rest or rotation, leading to reduced grassland growth, recovery, and nutritional value.
- Without the traditional migratory knowledge, some herders now move less often and within a smaller geographic area, leading to herder conflict and over-grazing of already stressed pasture. Good pasture-land becomes more rare.